The underfloor heating system offers a luxurious feeling of warmth throughout the space in an energy-efficient way.
This wonderfully efficient heat distribution system takes advantage of the entire floor area to heat the house instead of radiant heating from a radiator.
What is the underfloor heating system?
The underfloor heating system provides heat for the entire space from, as its name suggests, floors. Underfloor heating is ideal for use on hard floor surfaces, such as concrete slabs, industrial floors, ceramic tiles, or stone, which often remain cold. The radiant heat heats the whole body through the feet and other objects in the room, not just the air, which is the case with classic heating systems.
Underfloor heating is an invisible installation placed in a concrete floor screed, to which heat transferred first, and then to the air in the space above the floor structure. Depending on the type of installation, there is hydraulic and electric floor heating.
The hydraulic system is the most common and most cost-effective type of underfloor heating system in air conditioners with long heating seasons. Heat water circulates through pipes and radiates heat energy through the floor.
In electric floor heating, a thin electrical panel, like an electric cover, is placed under the floor. These panels contain heat-resistant wires wrapped in supporting material, controlled by a thermostat and timer. This underfloor heating is economical to install and use.
Electric underfloor heating can install on many floors, whether new concrete floors, renovated, or wooden floors. Electric floor heating comprises heating cables or heating networks controlled by an electronic thermostat and installation accessories. You can use this method of underfloor heating as the only source of heating in the room or as extra heating, floor heating only.
What is the radiator?
Radiator heating can classify as a classic room heating system. Regarding the method of installation of pipe installations, there are the following systems:
• Classic radiator.
• Concealed radiator.
• Combined systems.
With a classic radiator system, the installation can be done with copper or steel pipes. This system has significant advantages because any modifications of the installation are workable. As for the shortcomings, it is an aesthetic appearance, because the installation is visible.
In the concealed radiator heating system, functionality and attractiveness stand out. Pipe installations are placed in a leveling layer of concrete or a layer of mortar on the walls and completely invisible. It is necessary to insulate the pipes with a special layer of foam insulation, which reduces energy loss and ensures unobstructed expansion.
The combined system is a combination of the previously mentioned models. This combination is suitable for rooms where there are large glass surfaces or cold floor coverings made of ceramics, stone, or granite.
The most important difference between them
The central heating system transfers heat energy through the piping system. The heat energy of the heated hot water was transferred through the radiator’s surface to the air in the heated room. The air heats quickly and rises above the surface of the heater to the ceiling. The radiator system raises the heat upwards to the head’s height, which goes further to the ceiling, to return downwards like a cold current around the feet.
The underfloor heating system provides pleasant, even heat around the legs, body, and head. Because it creates a very gentle airflow upwards, the amount of dust that moves significantly reduces, which creates a more favorable microclimate for people suffering from allergies and asthma.
Since underfloor heating heats people instead of the air around them, users of such heating spaces generally think that it is enough to keep thermostats a few degrees lower than other heating types. These factors mean that an underfloor heating system can save owners between 10 and 30 percent of heating costs on monthly bills, compared to conventional heating systems.
• Installation of the underfloor heating system — it is possible almost everywhere. Besides installation in the interior, the external installation of underfloor heating is also possible. It is very important to expect the installation of underfloor heating in the design phases. During the construction of buildings, it takes into account the installation of thermal insulation and ceiling height. Underfloor heating raises the floor height by certain dimensions, and depending on the system, it also reduces the height of the ceiling, which is why it is important to plan on time. Most underfloor heating systems involve placing underfloor heating mats on the floor and then covering them.
• The installation of a heating radiator— is a crucial task, and the quality of the implementation depends on the operation of the entire system. To avoid flooding in the apartment and leaking connections, you should know the procedure and rules for installing a heating device. As for the single-pipe system, the coolant flows through one pipe to all the batteries and eventually returns to it after it has cooled. This option is the easiest to install and therefore use in all tall buildings. With a two-pipe system, the refrigerant passes through one pipe but separately to all batteries. Here, all radiators heat evenly, and the cooled water passes through a separate pipe into the boiler where it heated again. The system uses the collector, primarily in cottages, is much more complex. In this case, separate pipes go to each radiator. The installation of this system is possible only with the help of experts.
Radiator heating systems are well-established, widespread, and practical.
Modern technology, the need to preserve the environment, and save money has led to the development of modem underfloor heating systems that can provide you with a comfortable, energy-efficient, and economic space.